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1 1. The first chapel to be opened by the Welsh Baptists in London was in Eldon Street, Moorfields, in 1822. The congregation moved to Commercial Street in 1903 and, in 1904, to Little Alie Street. The church continued to he called 'Moorfields'.
2 Revd. R. E. Williams (1862-1926), minister of Castle Street from 1890 to 1904. The membership doubled during his ministry and by 1904 it stood at 475.
3 John Gwili Jenkins (1872-1936), theologian and poet. Professor of New Testament at the Baptist College, Bangor, 1923-36. Elected Archdruid of Wales, 1931.
4 Revd. Thomas Shankland (1858-1927), historian and bibliophile, Minister at Rhyl, 1891-1904. In 1904, he was invited to come to the University College of North Wales, Bangor, to supervise the Welsh library. He undertook valuable research at Lambeth Palace and the British Museum into the history of religion in Wales and this brought him frequently to London.
5 Revd. Herbert Morgan (1875-1946). In 1904 he was a student at Mansfield College, Oxford. He became minister of Castle Street, London, in 1906. He was later Director of Extra-mural Studies, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Herbert Morgan was an eloquent preacher, a fine scholar, a pacifist and social leader.
6 David Williams was an active member of Castle Street and a man of considerable culture who was a good influence amongst the youth of the church.
7 John Williams, 1806-56; Baptist minister and author of Yr Oraclau Bywiol.
8 The Queen's Hall Esteddifod was an important event in the London Welsh calendar. In 1904, the Chair was won by Nantlais. Nine male voice choirs competed, seven of them being from Wales (Llanelli amongst them) and two from London itself.
9 Court Farm was a popular rendezvous for Sunday Schools and other organisations. One Sunday School advertised its annual trip in Celt Llundain on May 21, 1904, in the following terms: 'Court Farm is situated on the high cliffs near Caterham Valley. The scenery is lovely and the country around is now at its best. The farm is only a short walk from station and has fine covered Halls for indoor games should weather be unfavourable. Return fare from Victoria, 1s. 6d. Children under 12 years of age, half price'.
10 Revd. P. T. Forsyth (1848-1921), Congregationalist preacher and influential author. In 1903 he was Principal of Hackney College.
11 The seating capacity of the City Temple was 2,500, City workers went without their lunch to attend the Thursday mid-day service, maintained by Dr. Joseph Parker for thirty-three years and continued by R. J. Campbell.
12 Revd. Howell Elvet Lewis, 'Elfed' (1860-1953), Congregationalist minister, hyrmn writer and prominent Free Churchman. Archdruid of Wales 1923-7.
13 Revd. Rowland Williams, 'Hwfa Môn' (1823-1905), Congregationalist minister. Elected Archdruid 1894.
14 Revd. George Campbell Morgan, D.D. (1863-1945), evangelical preacher and a leading Congregationalist.
15 The Liberation Society had as its aim the disestablishment of the Church of England. The moving spirit in the Society was Edward Miall and it developed into a formidable political force.
16 Dr. John Clifford (1836-1923), minister of Westhourne Park Baptist Church 1856-1915. A renowned Nonconformist, a man of tremendous energy and ability and a leader in many public causes.
17 Revd. J. D. Jones (1865-1942), minister of Richmand Hill Congregational Church, Bournemouth, and one of England's greatest preachers. He was a son of J. D. Jones, Ruthin, schoolmaster and composer.
18 Sir Ellis Jones Griffith (1860-1926), barrister and Liberal Member of Parliament for Anglesey 1895-1918; Under Secretary of State. He played a leading part in guiding the Disestablishment Bill through the House of Commons.
19 Sir Wilfred Lawson (1829-1906), Liberal Member of Parliament.
20 Revd. Charles Silvester Horne (1865-1914), Congregational minister, a powerful preacher and orator. Member of Parliament for Ipswich
21 Dr. Scott Lidgett, Methodist minister and founder of the Bermondsey Settlement, which sought to bring men together to discuss social evils and seek to eradicate them.
22 Revd. James Morgan Gibbon (1855-1932), a popular Congregational preacher. He wrote a book explaining his support for the disestablishment of the Church in Wales.
23 John Burns (1859-1943). Sidney and Beatrice Webb described him as 'the most impressive personality' of the Labour movement in his time. He became a Member of Parliament in 1892 and was made a member of the Cabinet in 1906 — the first from the working class to occupy a Cabinet post.
24 Chinese workers were brought to South Africa after the Boer War had ended to work in the gold mines. The Tory Government were accused of permitting conditions which were the equivalent of slavery.
25 The Licencing Act, 1904. It provided that a licence could only be withdrawn if the landlord was found guilty of misconduct or of keeping unsuitable premises. The measure was seen by the temperance movement as a means of favouring and enriching the brewers.
26 Colonel William Cody, who fought against the Red Indians in the American West. After the cessation of the wars against the Indians, Buffalo Bill toured America and Europe with his Wild West Show. They performed to vast audiences, on one occasion in the presence of Queen Victoria.
27 A play based on Tolstoy's novel Resurrection was performed with great success in Moscow, London and other cities.
28 Dan Leno (1860-1904) was one of the best-known and most popular stars of the music hall. 'Humpty Dumpty' was the last pantomime in which he appeared. Harry Randall (1860-1932) was regarded as a worthy scccessor to Dan Leno on the music hall stage.
29 Excursion trains at cheap fares did much to enable ordinary folk to travel by rail. Their disadvantages were that they ran mostly overnight and took longer than the ordinary services. The first excursion ever run was one organized by Thomas Cook to bring people to a temperance meeting in Loughborough in 1841.
30 Maescanner Baptist Chapel, Dafen, where the family were members.
31 Revd. J. R. Evans (1852-1931), minister of Soar 1889-1927.
32 The home of Sarah Jane Arthur, whom he later married. Her father, John Arthur, sank the Tynywaun colliery at Ponthenry.
33 Müller's Homes for orphan children were founded by George Müller (1805-98), who came to this country from Germany and joined the Plymouth Brethren. He depended on prayer only to maintain the orphanage and received large donations.
34 Revd. J. D. Hughes (1859-1927), a popular preacher and public figure. He was William Owen's minister at Moreia, Dowlais, and a lifelcng friend.
35 Revd. Philip Phillips (1834-1917), first minister of Maescanner, Dafen.
36 Revd. R. D. Roberts (1820-93) minister of Soar, Llwynhendy, 1862-87, a renowned Baptist preacher.
37 Daniel John ('Ynysog') (1862-1923), a son of Jona John (see page 20). Daniel wrote a number of popular songs, his brother Jona (Junior) composing the music for them.
38 A modern residence. There is no evidence of an ancient religious establishment although it is possible that the site may have been that of a monastic grange.
39 A large house in a commanding position, looking out over Cydweli and Cefn Sidan sands. It was the home of the Revd. M. T. Rees, minister of Llangyndeyrn and Meinciau. His son, Tudor, had a distinguished career as a schoolmaster and minister.
40 Coedyhrain Baptist Chapel, near Llandyfaelog.
41 Sir John Williams (1840-1926), chief founder of the National Library of Wales, to which he transferred his valuable collection of books and manuscripts.
42 Sir Lewis Morris (1833-1907). Poet. He did much to advance higher education in Wales. Vice-President of the University College of Wales, 1889-1907.
43 At today's prices, a cow and calf would cost about £400
44 Revd. F. B. Meyer (1847-1929), eloquent preacher and prolific author. He was for many years minister of Christ Church, Westminster Bridge Road, 'the Nonconformist Cathedral', and a leader in social and political causes.
45 The Box Cemetery, burial ground for the borough of Llanelli.
46 The letters P.S.A. stand for Pleasant Sunday Afternoon. This popular movement was started by John Blackham in Birmingham in 1875. The Gospel message was combined with community singing and orchestral music and the meetings were held in halls or theatres in order to attract those who would not enter a church or chapel.
47 Gipsy Smith was of pure Romany descent and was born in a gipsy encampment. He became a world-famous evangelist.
48 Revd. Thomas Phillips (1868-1936), one of Britain's most popular preachers; minister at Norwich and Bloomsbury Chapel, London; Principal of the Baptist College, Cardiff, 1928-36.

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