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The Carmarthenshire Historian


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1 The Cambria Daily Leader, the Carmarthen Chronicle, the Carmarthen Journal, the Carmarthen Weekly Reporter, The Times and The Welshman.
2 Moritz Hauptmann 1792-1868; b. Leipzig, pupil of Spohr; cantor at Thomas Schule Leipzig; teacher of Joachim; composer and violinist.
3 John William Salter 1820-1869, F.R.G.S., geologist and writer on natural history.
4 Sir Hugh Owen 1804-1881; educationist; pioneer of university education, especially the foundation of U.C.W., Aberystwyth 1872; prominent Eisteddfodwr and leading member of Hon. Soc. of Cymmrodorion.
5 Rev. James Williams 1790-1872; Fellow, Jesus College, Oxford 1813-22; chancellor of Bangor Cathedral; interested in agriculture and the Eisteddfod; prepared the way for (Sir) John Rhys, then a School-master in Anglesey, to go to Oxford.
6 David Pugh, Manorafon, Llandeilo; educated at Rugby and Balliol College, Oxford; J.P. and D.L., M.P. for Co. of Carmarthen 1857-1868; called to the bar at the Inner Temple; H.S. Carmarthenshire 1874.
7 Lewis William Lewis (Llew Llwyfo) 1831-1901; b. Llawen llwyfo, Anglesey; poet, novelist, musician, and journalist; won chair eight times at the National Eisteddfod; prolific writer and one of the most remarkable Welshmen of the nineteenth century.
8 Rev. John Griffiths 1820-97, cleric and educationist; b. Parc-y-Neuadd, Aberaeron, Cards. Eisteddfodwr and enthusiastic supporter of the university colleges at Aberystwyth and Cardiff. With Sir Hugh Owen and others, compaigned for the reform of the National Eisteddfod.
9 G. Osborne Morgan 1826-97, politician and reformer; held office in Gladstone's ministry; created a baronet in 1892.
10 Llewellyn Williams 1822-72, Pencerdd y De; gained repute as a harpist; son of Zephaniah Williams, the Chartist transported to Tasmania.
11 John Thomas 1826-1913, Pencerdd Gwalia; proficient harpist; F.R.A.M.; toured many European countries; harpist to Queen Victoria 1871; composer and editor of music.
12 John Rhys Morgan, 1822-1900, Lleurwg; Baptist minister, lecturer, poet and litterateur; b. Maes-y-felin, Lisvane, Cardiff; eisteddfod adjudicator and Liberal campaigner.
13 H. Lazarus 1815-1895; b. London, where he spent most of his life; distinguished clarinet recitalist.
14 John Johnes 1800-76, barrister-at-law and county court judge; recorder of Carmarthen 1851-72; chairman of quarter sessions for Co. Carmarthen 1853-72; keen agriculturalist and antiquary murdered by his Irish butler at Dolau Cothi.
15 Connop Thirlwall 1797-1875, Bishop of St. Davids; distinguished cleric and scholar; buried in Westminster Abbey.
16 John Emlyn Jones 1818-1873; Baptist minister, poet and man of letters; b. at Newcastle Emlyn; hon. L1.D. of Glasgow University 1863; author of Bedd y Dyn Tylawd.
17 John Jones, Talhaiarn 1810-1869; architect and poet; b. at The Harp Inn, Llanfair talhaearn, Denbs.; worked with Sir Joseph Paxton and other architects; one of the superindenents of the building of the Crystal Palace; the mansion of Baron de Rothschild, Menton, France and other famous houses; prolific writer and keen eisteddfodwr.
18 See article D.W.B. Gruffudd ap Nicolas fl. 1425-56. There are conflicting dates and details of the 'Carmarthen' eisteddfod — reports very between 1451 and 1453. Some maintain that it lasted three months at Dynevor and others that it lasted a fortnight at Carmarthen. It is agreed that Gruffudd ap Nicolas was judge over the poets and that the chair was awarded to Dafydd ab Edmwnd.
19 Rev. D. Archard Williams, Archdeacon of Carmarthen. William Spurrell 1813-89; b. in Quay Street, Carmarthen; printer, publisher, author, lexicographer.
20 Madam Patey-Whytock 1842-94; contralto singer; b. Holborn, London; pupil of Ciro Pinsuti and Sims Reeves; made first appearance in Birmingham 1860; toured Europe, America, Australia, N. Zealand and the Far East.
21 Jenny Lind (Mme Otto Goldshmid) 1820-89; b. in Stockholm; studied in Paris under Garcia; appeared in Berlin and the Gewandhaus Leipzig in many operatic roles; her husband was conductor of the Bach Choir.
22 Charlotte Helen Sainton-Dolby 1821-1885 ; celebrated contralto and composer ; studied at the Royal Academy ; appeared in Mendelssohn's St. Paul at the Gewandhaus, Leipzig ; made European tours ; married M. Sainton the celebrated violinist.
23 Euphrosyne Parepa-Rosa 1836-1874; b. in Edinburgh; eminent soprano in oratorio; toured Europe and America; married Carl Rosa.
24 Giulia Grisi 1810-1869; eminent operatic singer; b. in Milan; studied at the Conservatorium; made appearances in London and European capitals.
25 Adelina Maria Patti 1843-1919; b. in Madrid; appeared in principal operatic roles in world capitals; had great public adulation; died at Craig-y-Nos in the Swansea Valley.
26 James Lewis Thomas 1825-1904; architect and surveyor to the War Office; designer of the military hospital at Netley; prominent member of the Society of Ancient Britons.
27 David Davies, Llandinam 1818-1890; industrialist; M.P.; builder of railways; docks; coal owner, etc., etc.
28 Henry Austin Bruce, 1815-1895 ; 1st baron Aberdare; Liberal politician; Lord President of the Council; F.R.S.; social reformer and educationist; 1st president of U.C.W., Cardiff and first Chancellor of the University of Wales.
29 See note 18.
30 Dafydd ab Edmwnd, A. 1450-90; gentleman and bardic master; final authority on all matters of language and metre; his works bear the imprint of a master with a splendid vision and expert technique, etc., etc.
31 Llawdden or Ieuan Llawdden, fl. 1450; a writer of 'cywyddau' to prominent families of the period; In the Eisteddfod of 1451, he is known to have accused Gruffudd ap Nicolas of being bribed to give the chair to Dafydd ab Edmwnd.
32 Gutun Owain, or Gruffudd ap Huw ab Owain, fl. 1460-1498; poet, transcriber of MSS, genealogist; pupil of D. ab Edmwnd; master craftsman in verse especially 'court poetry' praising splendid mansions and noblemen.
33 Thomas Burgess, 1756-1837; Bishop of St. Davids; prime mover in founding St. David's College, Lampeter; patron of literary clergy and Carmarthen Eisteddfod of 1819, translated to Salisbury in 1825 where he died in 1837.
34 Rowland Williams, Hwfa Môn, 1823-1905; Independent minister and archdruid of Wales; won number of major eisteddfod awards; published volumes of poetry; reformer of the Gorsedd.
35 Robert Ellis, Cynddelw, 1812-75; Baptist minister, preacher, poet, antiquary and commentator; wrote awdlau and other poems, the best probably being 'Cywydd y Berwyn', etc., etc.
36 William Williams, Caledfryn, 1801-69; Congregational minister, poet and critic; wrote and edited many books of poetry, criticism and grammar; edited many periodicals supporting Liberalism, Temperance movements, etc.; eisteddfod adjudicator.
37 John Ceiriog Hughes, 1832-1887; lyrical poet; collector of folk songs and melodies, etc., etc.
38 Richard Parry, Gwalchmai, 1803-1897; Independent minister, poet and man of letters; one of the most prolific writers of the 19 century; 'Considered winning at the Eisteddfod an achievement in itself . . . with a cluster of medals on his chest'.
39 William Jones, Gwrgant, 1803-1896; London solicitor; eisteddfodwr and writer to magazines; active with London Welsh societies — Cymreigyddion and Cymmrodorion.
40 Robert Isaac Jones, Alltud Eifion, 1813-1905; pharmacist, litterateur and printer; began publishing Y Brython; later became an Anglican and edited Bauer y Groes; wrote articles to Yr Haul, Y Dan, Cymru, etc.
41 Henry Lavallin Puxley of Llethr lluesty near Llanddarog and Dunboy Castle, Co. Cork; educated at Eton and Brasenose College, Oxford; sometime High Sheriff and J.P., Carmarthneshire and Co. Cork.
42 For an account of the Morrises see my article in The Carmarthenshire Antiquary, vol. vii, 1971 - 'The Morris Family of Carmarthenshire'.
43 Henry Brinley Richards, 1819-85; musician, composer and pianist; native of Carmarthen; friend of Chopin. For full account see D.W.B. and God Bless the Prince of Wales by Major Francis Jones, Carmarthenshire Community Council, 1969.
44 E. W. Shackell was born (1841) in Carmarthen, where the family had a shop in Guildhall Square.
45 For a general introduction see Music in England. Eric Blom, Penguin.
46 Hanes Llenyddiaeth Gymraeg gan Thomas Parry, Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru, Caerdydd 1944. See also Safonau Beirniadn Barddoniaeth yng Nghymru yn y Bedwaredd Ganrif ar Bymtheg gan H. Llewelyn Williams, Foyle. N.D._
47 For an outline of the history of the Eisteddfod see — The Eisteddfod of Wales — A Handbook for the children of Wales (Eisteddfod y Cymry etc.... ') Hugh Evans, Liverpool. N.D.

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