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1 H. M. Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 16601840 (London, 1954), pp. 14-15.
2 F. Jenkins, Architect and Patron (London, 1961), pp. 87-88.
3 Colvin,op.cit.,p. 148.
4 Jenkins, op.cit,pp. 112-113.
5 J. Summerson, Architecture in Britain, 15301830, The Pelican History of Art Series (Harmondsworth, Middlesex, 1953), p.296.
6 For a fuller description of Sezincote see Summerson, op.cit., pp. 296-7 and two articles by Christopher Hussey in Country Life, 13th and 20th May, 1939, pp. 502-506, 528-532.
7 See a letter from Benjamin Henry Latrobe, one of S. P. Cockerell's pupils, to J. C. Williams of Baltimore, Pittsburgh, 3 April, 1814, in which Latrobe claimed that for a good set of architectural drawings Cockerell charged 50 guineas, "for each Consultation half a giunea , from 5 Guineas to 20 Guineas a day for the going into the country to view the grounds and personally direct the work, and 5 per cent commission on all the monies expended." Talbot Hamilton, Bejamin Henry Latrobe (New York, 1955), p.383.
8 This is confirmed in A History of Carmarthenshire, Sir John E. Lloyd, ed., 2 vols. (Cardiff, 1939), vol.ii., 59.
9 There is a curious connection here between Paxton and the previous owners of the estate, the Myddleton family after whom it was named. David Myddleton, who lived here in the sixteenth century, was brother to Sir Hugh Myddleton, projector of the New River in London, in 1613, and to Sir Thomas Myddleton, Lord Mayor of London and a member of the East India Company.
10 J. Dugale, The New British Traveller or Modern Panorama of England and Wales, 4 vols. (London, 1819), vol.iv.,700.
11 J. P. Neale, Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen, in England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland, 6 vols. -First Series. (London, 1818-1823), vol.v. Llanarthney.
12 N. Carlisle, A Topographical Dictionary of the Dominion of Wales (London, 1811), Llanarthney.
13 Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 2 vols. (London, 1842), vol.ii., Llanarthney.
14 There is an excellently clear and detailed description of the Neo-classical movement in Summerson,op.cit., chapter v.
15 There is an elevation and plan of the principal storey, together with a description in G. Richardson, New Vitrurius Britannicus (London, 1802), vol.i. pp. 3-4, plate xi.
16 For pictures of the interior of the First Lord's House see Viscount Cilcennin, Admiralty House, Whitehall (London, 1960).
17 The Carmarthenshire County Council took over the Middleton Hall estate in 1932-1933, after the fire, when the estate was split up into numerous small holdings.
18 There is a faint, unsigned pencil drawing of the tower c 1803 in a collection of C. R. Cockerell's drawings in the R.I.B.A. Library, 66 Portland Place, London, Folio J10/1(2) and another sketch and plan in Folio J5/28(4) in the same collection. The tower has been attributed to the younger Cockerell but I think this unlikely as he had just entered his father's office in 1805, when the tower was proposed and was still serving his apprenticeship.
19 N. Carlisle, op.cit.
20 Dugdale, op.cit., vol.iv,700.
21 Ibid.
22 For further details and a photograph of the Nelson portrait see Transactions of the Carmarthenshire Antiquarian Society, vol.23,1932, parts lv-lvi,pp.xi-xii.
23 B. Jones, Follies and Grottoes (London, 1953), Sir Hugh Casson, ed., Follies, National Benzole Books, (London, 1963).
24 The waters were considered superior to those at Tonbridge Wells and Paxton proposed to build baths and draw up a list of instructions in English and Welsh, with a list of ailments the waters could cure. One bath only was built however, for the family, though the waters were conveyed outside the walls via stone pipes for visitors and a house and baths for them were projected, but they do not seam to have been built. For further details, including an analysis of the waters, see Thomas Rees, The Beauties of England and Wales, South Wales (London, 1815), pp.279,334-5. Paxton contributed to this book and possibly hoped to publicise his scheme through it, but despite Rees' praise it came to nothing.
25 E. Laws, The History of Little England beyond Wales (London, 1888), p.395.
26 E. C. Freeman, A Recorde of Tenby (Newport, 1963), pp.21-23.
27 R. Fenton, A Historical Tour through Pembrokeshire (Brecknock, 1903), pp.248-249.
28 Laws, op.cit., p.396.
29 Freeman, op.cit., p.23.
30 There is a drawing in T. Rees, The Beauties of England and Wales, South Wales, showing a view of the harbour at Tenby in 1815 which clearly shows the baths.
31 I should like to thank the staff of the Library of the Royal Institute of British Architects for photographing the drawings of Middleton Hall and for their helpfulness in providing me with material on Cockerell; the staff of the Carmarthenshire County Record Office for their co-operation; Mr. H. Turner Evans, Carmarthenshire County Librarian, for his kindness in producing relevant books and pictures and for in-forming me of the subsequent fate of the Middleton Hall estate and for his suggestions on possible lines of enquiry; Mr. Jones, the Curator of the Carmarthen Museum, for showing me the stained glass pictures formerly in the tower and giving me useful information about Paxton; Mr. Ryle Morris of Abergwili for generously presenting me with copies of the lithographs of the Hall and tower reproduced here, and Mr. T. Lewis, headmaster of Llanarthney primary school and Mr. W. R. Jones, Buildings Superintendent for Carmarthenshire County Council, who gave me such valuable local information about Llanarthney, and most generously took me to see the tower and site of Middleton Hall.

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