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References

1 T. Mason 'The General Strike', Bulletin of the Society for the Study of Labour History, 33 (1976), p.55.
2 P. Jeremy, 'Life on Circular 703: the Crisis of Destitution in the South Wales Coalfield During the Lockout' of 1926', Llafur 2(2) 1977, p.69.
3 See P. Ryann, 'The Poor Law In 1926', M. Morris, The General Strike (1976), p.367.
4 In early November the Pontypool Board of Guardians scrapped all out-door relief to strikers and were only persuaded by a Ministry of Health Inspector to reintroduce the 5/- scale for wives and 2/- scale for children after 500 angry miners had marched on the Board's Offices. P. Jeremy, loc.cit.
5 Parlimentary Papers, 1921, Vol. XIII, Ministry of Health Circular 240, to Boards of Guardians on Poor Relief to Unemployed persons. Quoted by P. Ryann, loc.cit., p.359.
6 M. E. Rose, The English Poor Law 1780-1930 (1971), p.302.
7 Rose, ibid.
8 P. Ryann, loc.cit., p.360.
9 J. Griffiths, 'Glo-Carreg: Memories of the Anthracite Coalfield', The Carmarthenshire Historian 1968, pp.9-10.
10 T. Brennan, E. W. Cooney, H. Pollins, Social Change in South West Wales (1954), p.58.
11 A. E. C. Hare, The Anthracite Coal Industry of the Swansea District (1940). See also D. J. Williams 'Output Variation and Migration of Mining Intensity within the Western Half of the South Wales Coalfield (excluding Pembroke)', Proceedings of the South Wales Institute of Engineers, vol. XLVIII (1932).
12 A. E. C. Hare, ibid., p.12.
13 T. H. Griffiths, Welsh Outlook 1927, p.250.
14 K. O. Morgan, The Rebirth of a Nation: a History of Wales 1880-1980 (1981), p.170.
15 See J. Davies, 'The End of the Great Estates and the Rise of Freehold Farming In Wales', Welsh History Review, 7(2) 1974.
16 K. O. Morgan, op.cit., p.172.
17 Morgan, ibid., p.283.
18 Brennan, ibid., p.16. Cf. the statement of a contemporary ex-anthracite miner: 'Many of them [the miners] have the proverbial' three acres and a cow' and a larger number still own their own villas and dwelling houses'. T. H. Griffiths, loc.cit., p.24.
19 T. Brennan, op.cit., p.17.
20 T. H. Griffiths, loc.cit.
21 Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) was Minister of Health in Baldwin's Conservative Government of 1924-29.
22 The Celtic News, May 14, 1926. Hereafter C.N.
23 The Carmarthen Journal, June 11, 1926. Hereafter C.J.
24 ibid.
25 ibid.
26 ibid.
27 ibid.
28 C.N., June 25, 1926.
29 C.N., November 12, 1926.
30 C.N., August 20, 1926.
31 ibid.
32 ibid.
33 ibid.
34 Llandilo-Fawr Board of Guardians Minute Book, 2 September 1922-29 August 1929, pp.380, 414, (Dyfed County Record Office, Carmarthen); Amman Valley Chronicle and East Carmarthen News, July 8, 1926. Hereafter A.V.C.E.C.N.
35 On the Ammanford riots of 1925 see H. Francis 'The Anthracite Strike and the Disturbances of 1925', Llafur 1(2) 1973.
36 C.N., August 20, 1926.
37 The Welshman, August 27, 1926.
38 C.N., September 17, 1926
39 C.N., October 15, 1926.
40 ibid.
41 C.N., October 29, 1926.
42 ibid.
43 C.N., November 12, 1926.
44 ibid.
45 ibid.
46 Figures taken from a report of a meeting of the Llanelly Board of Guardians, The Llanelly Mercury, October 28, 1926.
47 C.N., loc.cit.
48 A.V.C.E.C.N., June 10, 1926.
49 C.N., September 3, 1926; A.V.C.E.C.N., September 2, 1926.
50 A.V.C.E.C.N., September 23, 1926.
51 ibid.
52 A.V.C.E.C.N., September 30, 1926.
53 The Llanelly Star, May 22, 1926. Hereafter L.S.
54 H. Francis, 'South Wales', J. Skelley ed. The General Strike (1976)) p.237.
55 Information derived from an interview with Enoch Collins (Llanelly) by Hywel Francis, November 6, 1969, quoted by Francis, ibid., pp.238-239. See also the report of the interview with James Griffiths (miners' agent at Llanelly in 1926) in the work (p. 60) by Margaret Morris cited in note 3.
56 H. Francis, loc. cit.
57 Llanelly Argus, October 23, 1926, hereafter L.A. L.S., October 23, 1926.
58 Llanelly and County Guardian, September 16, 1926.
59 Figures taken from an unsigned article in the South Wales Press, May 19, 1926.
60 ibid.
61 This total is based on figures for the various sub-districts of Llandilo-Fawr presented by the Clerk to a meeting of the Llandilo Board of Guardians, A.V.C.E.C.N., September 2, 1926.
62 L.A., August 28, 1926.

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